- (Napoli)Italy’s third-largest city, with nearly 1.5 million inhabitants, Naples is the center of a conurbation that stretches along the coast and includes such important towns as Erculano (site of the ancient town of Pompeii), Torre Del Greco, and the famous village of Sorrento. Its population density, at nearly 3,000 inhabitants per square kilometer, is one of the highest in the world; only Hong Kong and a handful of other cities in Asia are more crowded. The islands of Capri and Ischia, famous for their natural beauty, are also part of the province of Naples. Mount Vesuvius, a huge active volcano, looms over the city.The city’s history has been turbulent. It was founded in the fifth century BC. In 327 BC, it became a self-governing province of the Roman Empire. After the empire’s fall, Naples was successively occupied by the Goths (AD 493) and the Byzantine Empire (AD 536). Gradually the city achieved greater independence and became an important trading center. Both Lombards and Saracens tried to conquer Naples for this reason, but it was not until AD 1138, when the Normans captured the city, that Naples succumbed. In the later Middle Ages the Kingdoms of Aragon, France, and Spain successively ruled Naples.The city’s modern history began with the Spanish, whose corrupt rule, many argue, left a trace on the political culture of the city that endures today. In 1647, the city rose in revolt against Spanish misgovernment. In 1734, after a brief period of Austrian rule, Charles of Bourbon became monarch of an independent Kingdom of Naples that lasted until French troops occupied the city in 1798. In 1799, the people of Naples established a republic, but Bourbon troops supported by the British fleet crushed the nascent democracy. Napoleon reoccupied Naples in 1806. For two years, Joseph Bonaparte, Napoleon’s brother, ruled the city; after Joseph became king of Spain, his place was taken by one of Napoleon’s most successful generals, Joachim Murat. After the fall of Napoleon in 1814–1815, the Austrians restored the Bourbons to power in what became known as the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies. In both 1820 and 1848, the city was the center of uprisings against absolute rule that were suppressed by the Austrian army. The city was finally liberated by GiuseppeGaribaldiin 1860. During World War II, the city’s insurrectionary traditions came to the fore once more: In four days of bloody street fighting (28 September to 1 October 1943), the people of Naples managed to liberate the city from its Nazi occupiers in advance of the Allies’arrival. Despite its glorious history, Naples has a reputation for being one of Europe’s problem cities. The ubiquitous Camorra (the Neapolitan mafia) and exceptionally high rates of poverty are the most troublesome issues. Illegal construction, insane traffic, widespread political corruption, and decaying infrastructure are additional concerns.
Historical Dictionary of Modern Italy. Mark F. Gilbert & K. Robert Nilsson. 2007.
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Naples — • The capital of a province in Campania, southern Italy, and formerly capital of the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Naples Naples … Catholic encyclopedia
NAPLES — NAPLES, city and former kingdom in Campania, S. Italy. The first Jewish settlement there probably dates to the beginning of the first century C.E., if not before. Josephus (Antiquities, XVII, 23–25, and Wars, II, 101–05) reports that during… … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Naples — Naples, NY U.S. village in New York Population (2000): 1072 Housing Units (2000): 500 Land area (2000): 0.976984 sq. miles (2.530377 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.976984 sq. miles (2.530377… … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
Naples — ist der Name mehrerer Orte in den Vereinigten Staaten: Naples (Florida) Naples (Idaho) Naples (Illinois) Naples (Maine) Naples (New York) Naples (South Dakota) Naples (Texas) Naples (Utah) Naples (Wisconsin) Naples ist auch die englischsprachige… … Deutsch Wikipedia
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Naples — (en ital. Napoli) v. d Italie (Campanie), au fond du golfe de Naples, sur la mer Tyrrhénienne; 1 207 750 hab.; cap. de la Campanie et ch. l. de la prov. du m. nom. Port de voyageurs et de comm. (pétrole surtout). Grand centre industr. du… … Encyclopédie Universelle
Naples — [nā′pəlz] 1. seaport in S Italy, on the Bay of Naples: pop. 1,072,000 Naples 2. kingdom occupying the S half of Italy Naples 3. Bay of inlet of the Tyrrhenian Sea, on the S coast of Italy: c. 10 mi (16 km) wide … English World dictionary
Naples, FL — U.S. city in Florida Population (2000): 20976 Housing Units (2000): 16956 Land area (2000): 12.025201 sq. miles (31.145127 sq. km) Water area (2000): 2.378841 sq. miles (6.161169 sq. km) Total area (2000): 14.404042 sq. miles (37.306296 sq. km)… … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
Naples, IL — U.S. town in Illinois Population (2000): 134 Housing Units (2000): 73 Land area (2000): 0.604824 sq. miles (1.566487 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.604824 sq. miles (1.566487 sq. km) FIPS code … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
Naples, NY — U.S. village in New York Population (2000): 1072 Housing Units (2000): 500 Land area (2000): 0.976984 sq. miles (2.530377 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.976984 sq. miles (2.530377 sq. km) FIPS … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places
Naples, SD — U.S. town in South Dakota Population (2000): 25 Housing Units (2000): 14 Land area (2000): 0.137297 sq. miles (0.355597 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.137297 sq. miles (0.355597 sq. km) FIPS… … StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places